The phrase “paramedic” is the combination of two words, “Para” is Latin for next to, and “medic” is a medical professional. A medical worker with experience in emergency care is named a paramedic. They provide specialized care and treatment to patients who have been hurt in accidents, medical emergencies, or other serious situations. Paramedics aren’t medical professionals like doctors, nurses, etc.
Patients are often examined, assessed, and treated by paramedics using tools and medications that are often only available in a hospital’s emergency room. On ambulances or first-responder emergency vehicles, paramedics are commonly used as emergency care providers. Experienced paramedics can find more specialized employment in fields including hyperbaric oxygen chambers, off-shore oil drilling platforms, helicopter or fixed-wing medical transport, and cruise ship medical departments.
The initial responders are paramedics. When someone is sick, hurt, or needs to be transferred to a hospital or other medical institution, paramedics are typically among the first members of the medical team to arrive on the scene. After assessing the situation and administering any necessary medical attention, they may use an ambulance or other emergency vehicle to transport the patient to the appropriate medical specialists who can continue to assist them. They must make sure the patient is stable throughout the entire situation.
In some locations, paramedics also address social determinants of health and supply in-home care to unwell patients at risk of hospitalization. Paramedics also add non-emergency scenarios, like transporting chronically ill patients to and from treatment centers. Patients of all types, from those suffering respiratory difficulties to those involved in major car accidents, could also be treated by them. The majority of paramedics operate or accompany ambulances, while others transport, and few might even travel on fire trucks.
Due to the large variety of care models used by Emergency Medical Services providers around the world, the work of a paramedic varies greatly from country to country. Within the Anglo-American approach, paramedics have decision-making autonomy. The paramedic profession has become its entity in certain nations, including the UK and South Africa. Within the Franco-German paradigm, doctors oversee ambulance care. In other countries that use this concept, like France, a paramedic has no counterpart. In other countries that use this concept, like France, a paramedic has no counterpart. Either a physician or a nurse with less advanced care training works as an ambulance staff member.
Usually one of the first medical personnel on the scene of an emergency is a paramedic. Typical main duties of paramedics include – answering 999 emergency calls, tending to wounds and injuries, monitoring and administering medication, providing pain relief and intravenous infusions, efficiently conversing with patients and their loved ones/friends, educating and preparing the general population to properly employ first aid procedures, and many other duties. In addition to being physically and intellectually fit, paramedics should be driven, honest, collected, wise, compassionate, and nonjudgmental.
The risks that paramedics face include lifting patients and equipment, treating patients who have contagious diseases, handling dangerous materials, and transporting them by ground or air vehicles. By providing safe patient handling equipment, developing a training program to inform paramedics of employment hazards, and providing PPE such as respirators, gloves, and isolation gowns when dealing with biological hazards, employers can minimize occupational illness or injury.